August 2019

IPRCE RECEIVES INJURY CONTROL FUNDING FROM CDC

We are pleased to announce that Emory University has been awarded $4.2 million over the next five years to fund its Injury Prevention Research Center at Emory (IPRCE), a center designed to reduce the top causes of injury and injury death in Georgia and the Southeast through research, education and outreach (see attached press release). IPRCE is one of nine centers in the U.S. being funded by the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), under the Injury Control Research Center program.

July 2019

General Updates

Quarterly Meeting
Our next quarterly meeting will be Friday, August 23, 2019 at the Faculty Office Building 101 at 9:00 am.


Department of Public Health will present at 9:15 am
IPRCE presents at will present at 10:30 am

Drug Safety

Understanding Links among Opioid Use, Overdose, and Suicide

"The common theme of opioid use underlying suicide and overdose poses questions of how these problems may be related to one another. This review describes what is known about the links between suicide and overdoses, with a focus on pathways through opioid use, issues of intent, risk factors, prevention strategies, and unresolved issues."

TBI

Association of Statewide Implementation of the Prehospital Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment Guidelines With Patient Survival Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a massive public health problem. While evidence-based guidelines directing the prehospital treatment of TBI have been promulgated, to our knowledge, no studies have assessed their association with survival. The objective is to evaluate the association of implementing the nationally vetted, evidence-based, prehospital treatment guidelines with outcomes in moderate, severe, and critical TBI.

Falls Prevention

A translational research evaluation of the stay active and independent for life (SAIL) community-based fall prevention exercise and education program. The suggested educational content, suggested by SAIL, focuses on fall self-efficacy, behavioral changes, home environment, behavioral safety, visual screening, low vision adaptations, and medication review with clients’ primary physicians. The SAIL program is intended for community-based delivery and requires that providers be trained.  An original SAIL translational study was conducted throughout nine community sites over a 12-month period.

Transportation Safety

Automated Vehicles and Pedestrian Safety: Exploring the Promise and Limits of Pedestrian Detection

U.S. pedestrian fatalities have risen recently, even as vehicles are equipped with increasingly sophisticated safety and crash avoidance technology. Many experts expect that advances in automated vehicle technology will reduce pedestrian fatalities substantially through eliminating crashes caused by human error. This paper investigates automated vehicles’ potential for reducing pedestrian fatalities.

Violence Prevention

Evaluation of a Bystander-Focused Interpersonal Violence Prevention Program with High School Students
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a seven-session, bystander-focused, classroom-delivered curriculum (i.e., Bringing in the Bystander—High School Curriculum [BITB-HSC]) in reducing rates of interpersonal violence among high school students.

June 2019

General Updates

Quarterly Meeting
Our next quarterly meeting will be Friday, August 23, 2019 at the Faculty Office Building 101 at 9:00 am.


Department of Public Health will present at 9:15 am
IPRCE presents at will present at 10:30 am

Drug Safety

Prevention of Prescription Opioid Misuse and Projected Overdose Deaths in the United States

 " In the last decade, US deaths due to opioid-related overdoses have tripled, increasing from approximately 17 500 in 2006 to 42 200 in 2016.1 In October 2017, the US Department of Health and Human Services declared the opioid crisis a national public health emergency.2 The opioid crisis has also resulted in a substantial cost burden to society—in 2013, health care costs, criminal justice expenses, and productivity losses attributable to opioid misuse were estimated to total $78.5 billion; this cost is expected to increase further in the coming years.
Our goal was to project the effect of efforts to prevent the misuse of prescription opioid analgesics on future overdose deaths. To accomplish this goal, we simulated the changing trajectory of the opioid overdose crisis over time and evaluated the potential effect of lowering the incidence of prescription opioid misuse on overdose deaths in the United States through 2025. "

Falls Prevention

Preventing falls among older fallers: study protocol for a two-phase pilot study of the multicomponent LIVE LiFE program
" Falls reflect sentinel events in older adults, with significant negative consequences. Although fall risk factors have been identified as intrinsic (e.g., muscle weakness, balance problems) and extrinsic (e.g., home hazards), most prevention programs target only intrinsic factors. We present the rationale and design of a home-based multicomponent fall prevention program—the LIVE LiFE program—for community-living older adults. The program adapts and expands the successful Lifestyle Intervention Functional Exercise (LiFE) program by adding home safety, vision contrast screening, and medication review. The specific aims of the study are to (1) adapt the LiFE program to a US context and expand it into a multicomponent program (LIVE LiFE) addressing intrinsic and extrinsic fall risks, (2) examine feasibility and acceptability, and (3) estimate program impact on multiple outcome measures to prepare for an efficacy trial."

TBI

The missing piece of the concussion discussion: primary prevention of mild traumatic brain injury in student athletes

"The majority of concussion research has focused on timely diagnosis and treatment, yet little has been reported on primary prevention. The goal of this study is to examine the use of core training as a preventative tool. We performed a non-randomized prospective study involving high school athletes. They participated in a 10-week training session with exercises focused on increasing core strength [mobility, agility, stability, strength and flexibility (MASSf)]. "

Transportation Safety

Identifying high-risk built environments for severe bicycling injuries

" This study is aimed at filling part of the knowledge gap on bicycling safety in the built environment by addressing two questions. First, are built environment features and bicyclist injury severity correlated; and if so, what built environment factors most significantly relate to severe bicyclist injuries? Second, are the identified associations varied substantially among cities with different levels of bicycling and different built environments?  "
 

Violence Prevention

An RCT of Dating Matters: Effects on Teen Dating Violence and Relationship Behaviors
"Teen dating violence is a serious public health problem with few effective prevention strategies. This study examines whether the Dating Matters comprehensive prevention model, compared with a standard of care intervention, prevented negative relationship behaviors and promoted positive relationship behaviors. "